Edward Lear, Pl. 6 Golden Eagle, hand-colored lithograph, first edition, 1832–37
Enjoy significant savings on Pl. 6, Golden Eagle, Aquila chrysaëta (Briss.), a superb hand-colored lithograph from John Gould’s Birds of Europe, Vol. I Raptores. Drawn from nature and signed in the stone by Edward Lear, an adult and young bird are depicted in one-third their natural size.
In the accompanying text description, Gould endeavors to clarify the differences between the immature and adult birds of this species. “The young and adult of this noble bird exhibit marked differences of plumage, a circumstance that lead the older writers on Ornithology to make in this instance, as in some others, two species out of one, an error which has been lately corrected....
The immature birds, till commencement of the third year, have the whole of the plumage of a reddish brown, with the under tail-coverts, inner side of the thighs and tarsi nearly white ; the tail white for three parts of its length...the tip being brown. In proportion as the young bird advances, the colours become richer and deeper, the white of the tail contracts, and the bars begin to appear. The third year is that of the assumption of perfect plumage.
In perfect condition, printed by C. Hullmandel and colored by Gabriel Bayfield in London, 1832–1837. Sheet size measures 21-1/2 x 14-7/8 inches.
$1,950 this week only (list price $2,900). Offer expires 1-8-17.
John Gould’s monumental Birds of Europe, was originally published in 22 parts from 1832 to 1837. It comprises 448 hand-colored folio-size lithographs in five volumes. The five volumes were classed according to a system designed by the zoologist and politician, Nicholas Aylward Vigors (1785–1840). Vigors co-founded the London Zoological Society in 1826. One of the great ornithological artists of his era, 67 of the plates and many of the foregrounds were drawn and lithographed by Edward Lear. The balance of the plate were drawn and lithographed by Gould’s talented wife, Elizabeth Coxen Gould, from sketches by John Gould.
John Gould (1804–81) was a prolific publisher of ornithological subjects. In 19th-century Europe, his name was as well recognized as Audubon’s was in North America. Unlike Audubon, whose life’s work focused on one region, Gould traveled widely and employed other artists to help create his lavish, hand-colored lithographic folios.
Gould’s love of natural history was fostered in the gardens of King George III where his father was chief gardener at Windsor Castle. Although trained as a gardener, Gould’s interests quickly evolved, and at the age of 23, he was appointed taxidermist to the Zoological Society of London. After three years, he progressed to the position of curator of birds and chief taxidermist. In 1830, newly married, Gould and his artist wife, Elizabeth, began their publishing career.
Born outside London in 1812, Lear was the twentieth child of Jeremiah Lear, a well-to-do London stockbroker. He was raised primarily by his elder sister, Ann, who provided classical studies and taught him to draw from nature. The multi-talented Edward Lear (1804–1888) was a self-taught naturalist and painter who later became famous for authoring books of nonsense poems and limericks. About 1828, Lear worked as a zoological draftsman, gaining employment at the Zoological Society in London where he met John Gould, one of the great 19th-century publishers of natural history monographs.
Lear also contributed nine of the 34 plates that comprised Gould’s A Monograph of the Family of Toucans. Lear’s exacting and masterly skill as an artist was employed by other major publishers of 19th-century English ornithologies and natural histories. His work is distinguished by the fact that he was the first bird artist to draw primarily from living examples, recording not only the precise details of the birds he painted, but also expressing each ornithological subject’s unique character. The plates Lear contributed to John Gould’s Birds of Europe are among the finest of that work. These rare, beautifully hand-colored plates are signed by Lear in the lithographic stone.
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