John J. Audubon, Pl. 72 Canada Warbler & Pl 73 Bonaparte's Flycatcher, The Birds of America, Bien edition, 1860, chromolithograph
Acquire one of the most beautiful double plates from the Bien edition of John J. Audubon's Birds of America, Pl. 72 Canada Warbler & Pl 73 Bonaparte's Flycatcher, offered this week only at a special price. Forty-five of 105 plates in the Bien edition are double plates representing 90 smaller species that are primarily song and shore birds.
In Plate 73, Audubon misidentified an immature Canada Warbler as a new species, naming it Bonaparte's Flycatcher, Musicapa bonapartii, Aud. ( left). In this plate, he depicted a young female perched on a Great Magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora. The current name for this species is Canada Warbler, Cardellina canadensis. In Plate 72 (right) Canada Warbler, Sylvia Pardalina, Audubon correctly identified the species. He depicted a male and female perched in a flowering branch of a Bay Laurel or Rhododendon maximum.
In this Bien edition double plate, the misidentified Bonaparte's Flycatcher that is actually an immature Canada Warbler is brought together side-by-side with an adult male and female of the same species. This richly colored chromolithograph also is exceptional for the inclusion of two magnificent botanicals, the ripe seed pod and leaves of Magnolia grandiflora in Plate 73, Bonaparte's Flycatcher, attributed to a talented young student of Audubon's, Joseph Mason, who he hired to be his assistant. Mason accompanied Audubon on a flatboat from Cincinnati Ohio to Louisiana, arriving in New Orleans on New year's day of 1821 and worked with him for the next two years. The branch of Rhododendron maximum in Plate 72, Canada Warbler, was painted by John J. Audubon in 1829 while he was exploring the Great Pine Swamp.
Below are excerpts from Audubon's the text descriptions for each plate.
Ornithological Biography, or An Account of the Habits of the The Birds of United States of America Accompanied by Descriptions ot the Objects Represented in the Work Entitled The Birds of America, John J. Audubon,Vol. II, 1834, page 17;
Ornithological Biography, or An Account of the Habits of the The Birds of United States of America Accompanied by Descriptions ot the Objects Represented in the Work Entitled The Birds of America, John J. Audubon,Vol. I, 1831, page 27; The Original Water-color Paintings by John James Audubon for the Birds of America, introduction by Marshall B. Davidson, 1966, Volume 1, plate 6 and plate 46; The Birds of America, John James Audubon, The Bien Chromolithographic Edition, Joel Oppenheimer, 2013, page 19.
$2,850 this week only (list price $4,200). Offer expires 8-14-17.
Produced between 1858 and 1860, the Bien edition of Audubon’s Birds of America is the largest and most valuable color plate book ever published in America, and the rarest of all Audubon folios. Also of double-elephant dimensions (27 x 40 inches), this edition represents one of the finest examples of early large-scale color printing. The new technique of chromolithography was perceived as an advancement in print-making technology that promised to achieve effects entirely different from engraving.
John James Audubon (1785–1851), is renowned for his extraordinary undertaking to record the birds of America. The images he created are icons of 19th-century art. Having studied and drawn birds since childhood, in 1819, Audubon followed his passion and fully embraced the life of an artist-naturalist, embarking on a mission to create the Birds of America. He explored the American backwoods and wilderness to discover, record, and illustrate its avian life. It was not until he reached the shores of Great Britain with a portfolio laden with his bird portraits that Audubon found an engraver who could produce his great work in the size of life, as he desired. Together with London engraver, Robert Havell, J. J. Audubon and his family created the lavish double-elephant-size Havell edition of aquatint engravings of The Birds of America, published 1827–38.
Seven years after their father’s death, Audubon’s sons, John Woodhouse Audubon and Victor Gifford Audubon, began an American edition of The Birds of America with Julius Bien, a New York-based printer who was pioneering the field of chromolithography. Bien transferred the images from Havell’s copper plates onto lithographic stones. As many as six printing stages with additional hand-drawn lithography and coloring were used to reproduce subtleties found in the Havell engravings.
As the Havell edition was, the Bien edition was also sold by subscription beginning in 1858. Production was brought to a halt by the advent of the Civil War and only 150 plates on 105 sheets were completed. The Audubon family was unable to complete and sell the edition or recoup their losses, which led to a devastating bankruptcy. The consensus is that fewer than seventy folios were completed.
For further information or to purchase, please call the gallery at 312-642-5300.