John James Audubon, Pl. 43 Night Hawk, Birds of America, first edition octavo, 1839–44, hand-colored lithograph
Acquire a superb first edition Audubon octavo print from the Birds of America, Plate 43, Night Hawk, at a special discount from our already low prices. Audubon depicted two males in pursuit of flies flying above a female crouching on a branch of a white oak tree, Quercus alba. Audubon's composition cleverly shows the distinctive pattern of the birds' feathers from all sides by depicting the the top and breast of flying male birds, and the female in profile.The current name for this species is common night hawk, Chordeleiles minor (Forster).
In Audubon's accompanying text in the Ornithological Biography or account of the habits of birds of the United States of America, he writes of observing night hawk's migration in "all the Southern States, on its passage to and from...the east." He further described their migration as seeming to cover the whole country, from the mouth of the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains, and from the south far beyond our eastern boundary lines, thus enabling "them to disperse and breed throughout the whole Western and Eastern States, and from South Carolina to Maine."
Hand-colored royal octavo lithograph, lithographed, printed, and colored by J. T. Bowen in Philadelphia. Includes an archival mat. Excellent color, perfect condition, 10.25 x 6.5 inches.
References: An Index and Guide to Audubon's Birds of America, Susanne M. Low, 1988, page 84.
$395 this week only (list price $575). Offer expires 3-5-18.
America’s most revered artist-naturalist, John James Audubon (1785–1851), is renowned for his extraordinary undertaking to record the birds of America. The images he created are icons of nineteenth-century art. Though fascinated by nature since childhood, studying and drawing from it, it was not until 1819, when Audubon was 34, that he fully embraced the life of an artist-naturalist. Having found his calling, he set out on a mission to create the Birds of America, exploring the American backwoods and wilderness to discover, record, and illustrate its avian life. Unable to find an engraver in the United States who could produce his great work in the size of life, that issue was resolved when he reached the shores of Great Britain. Together with London engraver, Robert Havell, J. J. Audubon and his family created the lavish double-elephant-size folio of The Birds of America, published from 1827–38.
To make The Birds of America more affordable and widely available, in 1839 Audubon began the first octavo edition, a smaller version of the folio which was printed and hand colored by J. T. Bowen in Philadelphia. Employing a new invention, the camera lucida, the images were reduced in size, rendered in intermediate drawings by Audubon and his son John Woodhouse, and then drawn onto lithographic stones. These miniatures exhibit a remarkable amount of attention to quality and detail, as well as a meticulous fidelity to the larger works. Some compositional changes were made in order to accommodate the smaller format.
Like the Havell edition, Audubon’s first octavo edition was sold by subscription and distributed in parts five at a time. However, the octavo editions were issued in proper phylogenic, or species order. These prints also bear the plate number in the upper right-hand corner and the subscription number in the upper left. The first edition of approximately 1,200 sets was completed in five years from 1839 to 1844.
Though the first edition remains the most desirable, several octavo editions of both the Birds and Quadrupeds were produced. In 1856, a second edition of the Birds was published by Audubon’s son, Victor Gifford. The octavo edition of The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America was first published between 1849 and 1854.
For further information or to purchase, please call the gallery at 312-642-5300.